18. Overview of Environmental Field Work

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Natural Environment

  • Classification of vegetation communities and inventory of plant species and trees
  • Surveys of breeding birds, amphibians and other wildlife
  • Surveys of Species at Risk - Bobolink, Eastern Meadowlark, Eastern Whip-poor-will, Common Nighthawk, Blanding’s Turtle, Snapping Turtle, Jefferson Salamander, Bats, and Henslow’s Sparrow
    • Jefferson Salamander surveys include identification of suitable pool habitat, live trapping and DNA tissue sample testing before release
    • Bats surveys include habitat suitability assessment and acoustic monitoring
  • Assessment of watercourses crossings (40) and ponds (4).
  • Fish community surveys and minnow trapping at 10 watercourses
Bat Acoustical Monitoring
Salamander Trapping


  • Stage 1 overview assessment of study area
  • Stage 2 field surveys by test pitting, or by ploughing followed by pedestrian survey, to identify artifacts of cultural significance and potential need for Stage 3 investigation
  • Stage 3 testing of sites by excavating and screening of soil for artifacts to determine site age, size and significance, and potential need for Stage 4 investigation

Groundwater and Wells

  • Boreholes drilled once terrestrial and archaeology field work undertaken
  • Hydrogeological assessment to characterize groundwater conditions based on borehole information
  • Well monitoring program
Archaeological Assessment in the Study Area
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